World’s Macro-regions: Divergent and Convergent Trends Since Early 1970s

Journal / Conference: Acta Geographica Universitatis Comenianae
Authors: Jiří Anděl, Ivan Bičík, Jan D. Bláha
Year: 2020
Number: 2
Category of Publication: Article in Journal
Pages, web: 141–159
Keywords: global processes, divergence and convergence, differences throughout the world, world’s macro-regions
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Abstract: Current global trends are in the focus of scientific research. This article deals with one of the crucial problems: do the differences among different parts of the world tend to grow or not? In other words, what prevails globally: divergent or convergent processes? Global changes are studied in specially designated parts of the world, so-called world’s macro-regions. Changes in the period 1970-2016 (when multipolar world has replaced the bipolar one) are examined. Using different methodical approaches, the study aims to clarify which global process are rather divergent/convergent and how these processes look like in different world’s macro-regions. For several reasons, especially in the pursuit of economic growth and the fulfillment of geopolitical interests, today several states and macro-regions are trying not only to gain regional dominance, but also to gain the position of a global world player. Changing character of global trends are discussed, too.
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